AVID SAT Prep Vocab 2017-2018

AVID Vocabulary for SAT Prep

August 21, 2017 (Week 1)

Week One Vocab

  • Muse – (v)  [myooz]: to become absorbed in thought; to turn something over in the mind (Sometimes she would sit and muse about the options for her future.)
  • Meticulous – (adj)  [muh-tik-yuh-luhs]: excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous (The finicky millionaire was insistent that the housekeeper be meticulous in cleaning the bathrooms.)
  • Urbane – (adj)  [ur-beyn]: notably polite or polished in manner (Her urbane behavior made it obvious that this was not her first visit to a fine dining restaurant.)
  • Sagacity – (n)  [suh-gas-i-tee]: the quality of being keen in judgment (When selecting a college to attend, it is important to proceed with great sagacity.)  
  • Edify – (v)  [ed-uh-fahy]: to instruct to improve, enlighten, or uplift (The motivational speaker related a personal experience in order to edify the audience.)

August 28, 2017 (Week 2)

Week Two Vocab

  • Malleable – (adj)  [mal-ee-uh-buhl] capable of being extended or shaped by hammering or by pressure from rollers (Aluminum is a very malleable metal.)
  • Bucolic – (adj)  [byoo-kol-ik] of, pertaining to, or suggesting an idyllic rural life (The busy New Yorker always dreamed of a more relaxed and bucolic life in the country.)
  • Eloquent – (adj)  [el-uh-kwuhnt] having or exercising the power of fluent, forceful, and appropriate speech; movingly expressive (The eulogy he gave at his mother’s funeral was very eloquent.)
  • Halcyon – (adj)  [hal-see-uhn] calm; peaceful; tranquil; happy; joyful; carefree (The old man liked to think back to the halcyon days of his youth.)

September 4, 2017 (Week 3)

Week Three Vocab (root, prefix, or suffix)

Every third week, we will focus on word parts (root, prefix, suffix), as opposed to SAT® words. Follow the same assignment instructions as with the SAT words.
  • Ego = self. Examples: egotistic – self-centered; egomania – excessive preoccupation with oneself; egotistical – filled with self-loving. (The egotistical young man could not walk by a mirror without looking in it.)
  • Grat = pleasing. Examples: gratify – to please someone; grateful – feel thankful; gratuity – a tip or token of appreciation. (I chose not to gratify his insulting comment with a response.)
  • Inter = between, among, jointly. Examples: intercept – to stop or interrupt the course of; international – involving two or more countries; intervene – to come or occur between. (The US chose not to intervene in World War II until after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.)
  • Nov = new. Examples: innovate – to introduce in a new way; novelty – something new; novice – a person that is new at a job; renovate – to make something like new again. (There was a time when having a cellular phone was a true novelty.)

September 11, 2017 (Week 4)

Week Four Vocab

  • Miserly – (adj) [mahy-zer-lee] stingy; mean. (Ebenezer Scrooge is a famous example of a miserly man.)
  • Bolster – (v)  [bohl-ster] support; reinforce; add. (After they lost the game, the coach tried to bolster the team’s spirits by taking the players for ice cream.)
  • Prolific – (adj) [pruh-lif-ik] abundantly fruitful; producing in large quantities or with great frequency. (Shakespeare was a very prolific playwright.)
  • Terse – (adj)  [turs] concise; pithy; brief. (After his loss in court, the lawyer was very terse in his response to the media’s questions.)

September 18, 2017 (Week 5)

Week Five Vocab

  • Aspire – (v) [spahyr] seek to attain; long for. (Some young girls and boys aspire to be astronauts.)
  • Esoteric – (adj) [ter] hard to understand; known only to the chosen few. (The computer programming manual was filled with esoteric directions.)
  • Vacillate – (v) [vas] waver; fluctuate. (Both used cars seemed to be good options, so the man continued to vacillate before making a purchase.)
  • Stagnant – (adj) [stag-nuhnt] motionless; stale; dull. (Bacteria grow easily in stagnant

September 25, 2017 (Week 6)

Week Six Vocab (root, prefix, or suffix)

Every third week, we will focus on word parts (root, prefix, suffix), as opposed to SAT® words. Follow the same assignment instructions as with the SAT words.
  • Ambi/amphi = both, on both sides, around.  Examples:  ambidextrous – able to use both hands equally; ambiguous – having more than one meaning; ambivalence – conflicting or opposite feelings toward a person or thing.  (The poem was full of complex analogies and ambiguous language.)
  • Cred = believe.  Examples:  credence – belief that something is true or valid; credulous – believing things too easily; incredible – unbelievable; credulity – willingness to believe or trust too easily.  (Having been lied to before by her sometimes-friend, she did not give her statements much credence.)  
  • Path = feeling, emotion.  Examples:  antipathy – a feeling of great dislike; apathy – a lack of feeling or interest; empathy – ability to understand another’s feelings.  (His poor grades evidenced his apathy toward completing his homework.)
  • Sed = sit.  Examples:  sedate – calm, quiet, or composed; sedentary – characterized or requiring a sitting position; sediment – the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid.  (The office job was a much too sedentary option for the active young man.)  

October 2, 2017 (Week 7)

Week Seven Vocab

  • Advocate – (v)  [ad] urge; plead for. (The environmentalist was quick to advocate for the preservation of the old-growth forest.)
  • Lethargic – (adj)  [thahr drowsy; dull. (He continued to feel lethargic for days after recovering from the horrible flu.)
  • Scrutinize – (v) [skroot] examine closely and critically. (The IRS auditor came to scrutinize the accounts of the large corporation.)
  • Sporadic – (adj) [rad] occurring irregularly. (The Easter eggs were hidden at sporadic intervals.) 

October 9, 2017 (Week 8)

Week Eight Vocab

  • Enigma – (n)  [nig] puzzle; mystery. (The disappearance of planes in the Bermuda Triangle will always be an enigma.)
  • Lament – (v) [ment] grieve; express sorrow. (The employees would not lament the retirement of the overbearing boss.)
  • Ominous – (adj)  [om] threatening. (The black clouds were an ominous sign of the thunderstorm to come.)
  • Superfluous – (adj) [pur] unnecessary; excessive; overabundant. (It was difficult to understand the story due to all of the superfluous details.)

October 16, 2017 (Week 9)

Week Nine Vocab (root, prefix, or suffix)

Every third week, we will focus on word parts (root, prefix, suffix), as opposed to SAT® words. Follow the same assignment instructions as with the SAT words.
  • Con = with, jointly. Examples: concur – to agree with someone; contemporary – of the same time period as others; convention – a gathering of people with a common interest; incongruous – not harmonious, appropriate, or fitting. (Even though the prom dress and high tops were incongruous, they somehow created a cute look.)
  • Crypto = hidden, secret. Examples: cryptic – of hidden meaning; cryptography – science of secret codes; encrypt – encode into secret code. (Because the parents did not want the young boy to understand the serious conversation, they spoke in cryptic phrases.)
  • Em = into, cover with, cause. Examples: empathy – intention to feel like another person; empower – put into power; embellish – to enhance with ornamentations. (She decided to embellish her plain backpack with glitter, patches, and fabric paint.)
  • Ob = in the way, against. Examples: obscure – hard to understand; obliterate – to remove or destroy all traces of; oblivion – being completely forgotten or unknown. (They used masks and costumes to obscure their identities at the masquerade party.)

October 23, 2017 (Week 10)

Week Ten Vocab

  • Articulate – (adj) [ahr-tik-yuh-lit] effective; distinct; using language easily and fluently. (The skillful lawyer gave a very articulate opening statement.)
  • Dogmatic – (adj) [dawg-mat-ik] opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal. (It was obvious that he thought he was an expert on the subject by the dogmatic way he pronounced his opinion.)
  • Justify – (v) [juhs-tuh-fahy] to show to be just or right; to defend. (When writing a persuasive paper, it is always necessary to justify your opinion.)  
  • Refute – (v) [ri-fyoot] disprove. (The man was convicted because the defense could not refute the evidence.)

October 30, 2017 (Week 11)

Week Eleven Vocab

  • Cajole – (v) [johl] coax; wheedle. (The farmer used a bucket of feed to cajole the cows back into the corral.)  
  • Corroborate – (v) [rob confirm, support. (The man was released from custody because the witness could corroborate his alibi.)   
  • Dissent – (v) [sent] disagree. (Two of the minority justices dissented with the decision in the Supreme Court case.)
  • Spurious – (adj) [spyr] false; counterfeit; forged; illogical. (His theory could not be proven because it was shown that his logic was spurious.) 

November 6, 2017 (Week 12)

Week Twelve Vocab (root, prefix, or suffix)

Every third week, we will focus on word parts (root, prefix, suffix), as opposed to SAT® words. Follow the same assignment instructions as with the SAT words.
  • An, ani, anti = against, opposite. Examples: antisocial – opposing social norms; anarchist – a person going against the established government; antagonism – an active opposition or hostility. (There is a historical antagonism between Israel and Palestine.) 
  • Dis = take away, deprive, not. Examples: discordant – disagreeable to the ears; not harmonious; discount – to deduct or disregard; dissent – disagree. (The warm-up of the elementary school marching band was discordant.)
  • Im/in = not, without. Examples: implausible – not having the appearance of truth or plausibility; incongruous – not even or harmonious; incorrigible – not easily swayed, bad beyond correction or reform. (Many people believe that alien life from other planets is implausible at best.)  
  • Re = again, back, backward. Examples: rebound – to spring back again; recount – narrate or tell, to count again; repudiate – disown; disavow. (He could not wait to return home and recount to his relatives the adventures of his vacation.) 

November 13, 2017 (Week 13)


November 20, 2017 (Week 14)

Week Fourteen Vocab

  • Disseminate – (v) [dih-sem-uh-neyt] distribute; spread; scatter. (The volunteers disseminated the flyers for the fundraiser to try to increase attendance.)
  • Bombastic – (adj) [bom-bas-tik] high-sounding, inflated, pretentious. (No time was wasted on unnecessary frills or bombastic interpretations.)
  • Inherent – (adj) [in-heer-uhnt] firmly established by nature or habit. (The star violin player had inherent musical ability.)
  • Mitigate – (v) [mit-i-geyt] appease; moderate. (One way to mitigate this problem is scheduling fewer flights at congested airports during peak times.)

November 27, 2017 (Week 15)

Week Fifteen Vocab (root, prefix, or suffix)

Every third week, we will focus on word parts (root, prefix, suffix), as opposed to SAT® words. Follow the same assignment instructions as with the SAT words.
  • Anthro = human. Examples: anthropology – the study of mankind; anthropomorphism – giving human form to non-human things; philanthropy – the love of man expressed through good deeds. (The abundance of talking animals in fairy tales is an excellent example of the use of anthropomorphism.) 
  • Com = together, common. Examples: commemorate – to memorize together; composition – an agreement or putting together of parts; commune – living together while owning things in common. (There is a memorial in New York that has been built to commemorate the heroic deeds following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.)
  • Cord = heart. Examples; cordial – invigorating the heart, friendly; discord – lack of harmony between persons or things; concordant – agreeing, harmonious. (There is a great deal of discord between the two major political parties in the United States.)
  • Phil = love, friend. Examples: philanthropist – one who loves humanity; philology – the love of words; philosophy – the love of wisdom. (The philanthropist created a foundation to help finance the rebuilding of homes after the hurricane.)

December 4th, 2017 (Week 16)

Week Sixteen Vocab

  • Candor – (n) [kan] frankness; open honesty. (The witness answered the questions of the lawyer with total candor.)
  • Fastidious – (adj) [stidpaying attention to detail. (As it was his first date with the beautiful girl, he was quite fastidious in selecting his outfit.)
  • Impeccable – (adj) [pekfaultless. (It was no surprise that she received a perfect score on the test, as her notes were impeccable.)
  • Venerate – (v) [ven] revere. (There are many cultures in the world that venerate their ancestors.)

December 11, 2017 (Week 17)

Week Seventeen Vocab

  • Altruistic – (adj) [is] unselfishly generous; concerned for others. (The altruistic members of the Red Cross provided relief supplies after the horrible flood.) 
  • Pervasive – (adj) [vey] pervading; spread throughout every part. (After the food got left on the counter, the ants were pervasive in the kitchen.)
  • Vilify – (v) [vil] slander. (The politician attempted to vilify his competitor.)
  • Zealot – (n) [zel] fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal. (Most suicide bombers are zealots for their cause.)