AVID SAT Prep Vocab 2017-2018

Week One Vocab

  • Muse – (v)  [myooz]: to become absorbed in thought; to turn something over in the mind (Sometimes she would sit and muse about the options for her future.)
  • Meticulous – (adj)  [muh-tik-yuh-luhs]: excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous (The finicky millionaire was insistent that the housekeeper be meticulous in cleaning the bathrooms.)
  • Urbane – (adj)  [ur-beyn]: notably polite or polished in manner (Her urbane behavior made it obvious that this was not her first visit to a fine dining restaurant.)
  • Sagacity – (n)  [suh-gas-i-tee]: the quality of being keen in judgment (When selecting a college to attend, it is important to proceed with great sagacity.)  
  • Edify – (v)  [ed-uh-fahy]: to instruct to improve, enlighten, or uplift (The motivational speaker related a personal experience in order to edify the audience.)

Week Two Vocab

  • Malleable – (adj)  [mal-ee-uh-buhl] capable of being extended or shaped by hammering or by pressure from rollers (Aluminum is a very malleable metal.)
  • Bucolic – (adj)  [byoo-kol-ik] of, pertaining to, or suggesting an idyllic rural life (The busy New Yorker always dreamed of a more relaxed and bucolic life in the country.)
  • Eloquent – (adj)  [el-uh-kwuhnt] having or exercising the power of fluent, forceful, and appropriate speech; movingly expressive (The eulogy he gave at his mother’s funeral was very eloquent.)
  • Halcyon – (adj)  [hal-see-uhn] calm; peaceful; tranquil; happy; joyful; carefree (The old man liked to think back to the halcyon days of his youth.)

Week Three Vocab

Every third week, we will focus on word parts (root, prefix, suffix), as opposed to SAT® words. Follow the same assignment instructions as with the SAT words.
  • Ego = self. Examples: egotistic – self-centered; egomania – excessive preoccupation with oneself; egotistical – filled with self-loving. (The egotistical young man could not walk by a mirror without looking in it.)
  • Grat = pleasing. Examples: gratify – to please someone; grateful – feel thankful; gratuity – a tip or token of appreciation. (I chose not to gratify his insulting comment with a response.)
  • Inter = between, among, jointly. Examples: intercept – to stop or interrupt the course of; international – involving two or more countries; intervene – to come or occur between. (The US chose not to intervene in World War II until after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.)
  • Nov = new. Examples: innovate – to introduce in a new way; novelty – something new; novice – a person that is new at a job; renovate – to make something like new again. (There was a time when having a cellular phone was a true novelty.)

Week Four Vocab

  • Miserly – (adj) [mahy-zer-lee] stingy; mean. (Ebenezer Scrooge is a famous example of a miserly man.)
  • Bolster – (v)  [bohl-ster] support; reinforce; add. (After they lost the game, the coach tried to bolster the team’s spirits by taking the players for ice cream.)
  • Prolific – (adj) [pruh-lif-ik] abundantly fruitful; producing in large quantities or with great frequency. (Shakespeare was a very prolific playwright.)
  • Terse – (adj)  [turs] concise; pithy; brief. (After his loss in court, the lawyer was very terse in his response to the media’s questions.)

Week Five Vocab

  • Aspire – (v) [spahyr] seek to attain; long for. (Some young girls and boys aspire to be astronauts.)
  • Esoteric – (adj) [ter] hard to understand; known only to the chosen few. (The computer programming manual was filled with esoteric directions.)
  • Vacillate – (v) [vas] waver; fluctuate. (Both used cars seemed to be good options, so the man continued to vacillate before making a purchase.)
  • Stagnant – (adj) [stag-nuhnt] motionless; stale; dull. (Bacteria grow easily in stagnant

Week Six Vocab

  • Ambi/amphi = both, on both sides, around.  Examples:  ambidextrous – able to use both hands equally; ambiguous – having more than one meaning; ambivalence – conflicting or opposite feelings toward a person or thing.  (The poem was full of complex analogies and ambiguous language.)
  • Cred = believe.  Examples:  credence – belief that something is true or valid; credulous – believing things too easily; incredible – unbelievable; credulity – willingness to believe or trust too easily.  (Having been lied to before by her sometimes-friend, she did not give her statements much credence.)  
  • Path = feeling, emotion.  Examples:  antipathy – a feeling of great dislike; apathy – a lack of feeling or interest; empathy – ability to understand another’s feelings.  (His poor grades evidenced his apathy toward completing his homework.)
  • Sed = sit.  Examples:  sedate – calm, quiet, or composed; sedentary – characterized or requiring a sitting position; sediment – the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid.  (The office job was a much too sedentary option for the active young man.)  

Week Seven Vocab

  • Advocate – (v)  [ad] urge; plead for. (The environmentalist was quick to advocate for the preservation of the old-growth forest.)
  • Lethargic – (adj)  [thahr drowsy; dull. (He continued to feel lethargic for days after recovering from the horrible flu.)
  • Scrutinize – (v) [skroot] examine closely and critically. (The IRS auditor came to scrutinize the accounts of the large corporation.)
  • Sporadic – (adj) [rad] occurring irregularly. (The Easter eggs were hidden at sporadic intervals.) 

Week Eight Vocab

  • Enigma – (n)  [nig] puzzle; mystery. (The disappearance of planes in the Bermuda Triangle will always be an enigma.)
  • Lament – (v) [ment] grieve; express sorrow. (The employees would not lament the retirement of the overbearing boss.)
  • Ominous – (adj)  [om] threatening. (The black clouds were an ominous sign of the thunderstorm to come.)
  • Superfluous – (adj) [pur] unnecessary; excessive; overabundant. (It was difficult to understand the story due to all of the superfluous details.)